Linux network Bonding is creation of a single bonded interface by combining 2 or more Ethernet interfaces. This helps in high availability of your network interface and offers performance improvement. Bonding is same as port trunking or teaming.
Bonding allows you to aggregate multiple ports into a single group, effectively combining the bandwidth into a single connection. Bonding also allows you to create multi-gigabit pipes to transport traffic through the highest traffic areas of your network. For example, you can aggregate three megabits ports into a three-megabits trunk port. That is equivalent with having one interface with three megabytes speed
Steps for bonding in Oracle Enterprise Linux and Redhat Enterprise Linux are as follows..
Create the file ifcfg-bond0 with the IP address, netmask and gateway. Shown below is my test bonding config file.
$ cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-bond0
Modify eth0, eth1 and eth2 configuration as shown below. Comment out, or remove the ip address, netmask, gateway and hardware address from each one of these files, since settings should only come from the ifcfg-bond0 file above. Make sure you add the MASTER and SLAVE configuration in these files.
$ cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
# Settings for Bond
$ cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1
# Settings for bonding
$ cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2
Set the parameters for bond0 bonding kernel module. Select the network bonding mode based on you need, documented at http://unixfoo.blogspot.com/2008/02/network-bonding-part-ii-modes-of.html. The modes are
- mode=0 (Balance Round Robin)
- mode=1 (Active backup)
- mode=2 (Balance XOR)
- mode=3 (Broadcast)
- mode=4 (802.3ad)
- mode=5 (Balance TLB)
- mode=6 (Balance ALB)
Add the following lines to /etc/modprobe.conf
# bonding commands
alias bond0 bonding
options bond0 mode=1 miimon=100
Load the bond driver module from the command prompt.
$ modprobe bonding
Restart the network, or restart the computer.
$ service network restart # Or restart computer
When the machine boots up check the proc settings.
$ cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0
Ethernet Channel Bonding Driver: v3.0.2 (March 23, 2006)
Bonding Mode: adaptive load balancing
Primary Slave: None
Currently Active Slave: eth2
MII Status: up
MII Polling Interval (ms): 100
Up Delay (ms): 0
Down Delay (ms): 0
Slave Interface: eth2
MII Status: up
Link Failure Count: 0
Permanent HW addr: 00:13:72:80: 62:f0
Look at ifconfig -a and check that your bond0 interface is active. You are done!. For more details on the different modes of bonding, please refer to unixfoo’s modes of bonding.
To verify whether the failover bonding works..
- Do an ifdown eth0 and check /proc/net/bonding/bond0 and check the “Current Active slave”.
- Do a continuous ping to the bond0 ipaddress from a different machine and do a ifdown the active interface. The ping should not break.